Natural State Olekminsk Reserve located in the south of the middle reaches of the Lena River on the right bank tributary Olekma at the interface Prilenskoye plateau and the Aldan plateau in Yakutia.
The location of the reserve that is not actually affected by human activities. In this area there was no pastures and hayfields.
Thanks to this “pristine” nature was made to organize here in 1984, a protected reserve. The purpose of the Natural Reserve “Olekminsk” ─ preservation of mountain taiga forests in southern Yakutia and Siberian cedar in the northeast. Area protected area of 78600 hectares.
The climate at the site of environmental object is sharply continental. Stable snow layer is formed around October 18 and lasts an average of two hundred days. The height of the snow cover may be between 30 centimeters and is closer to the south of 70 – 80 cm. The summer here is hot. In the north, max air temperature close to 40 ° C, and in the south of 35 ° C. The territory of the reserve is located in a place of constant continuous permafrost. The thickness of the frozen cover up to 200 cm, and its temperature is -3 ° -4 ° C. Melting insubstantial: from 0.4 m to the north and 1.5-2.0 m in the south.
Area Reserve “Olekminsk” ─ a standard plot mountain taiga forests, where you can meet all of the major tree species that are characteristic of the southern forests of Siberia. Number of vascular plants that are found in the reserve exceeds 650 species. Here grow Siberian fir, cedar pine, daurian larch, Blue spruce, Siberian spruce, Scots pine.
Besides forest plants in the river valleys are dwarf birch, formed during the smaller valleys overgrown meadows.
Fauna environmental object vulgaris for North Asia. Reserve Olekminsky inhabit about 40 species of mammals, 180 species of birds, 18 species of fish, 3 species of amphibians, and 2 species of reptiles. There are wolverine, deer, sable, wood lemming, bear, chipmunk, elk, Manchurian deer, musk deer. Among the birds there taiga species (hawk owl, fritillary) and East Siberian species (nightingale, the stint, Siberian Thrush, capercaillie, Siberian Flycatcher).
Of particular value are the archaeological sites, namely rock painting. Figures made of red and yellow ocher and illustrate people and animals.
Location: Russia, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Olekminsky District, 678100, Olekminsk, st. Logovaya, 31.
Адрес: Россия, Республика Саха (Якутия), Олекминский район, 678100, г. Олекминск, ул. Логовая, 31 – See more at: http://www.zapovedniki-mira.com/zapovedniki_rossii/298-prirodnyy-gosudar…