Category Archives: Fennoscandia

Kostomukshsky State Nature Reserve

Kostomukshsky State Natural Reserve is located in the territory of the Republic of Karelia within Muezersky and Kalevala district. Its total area – 47,569 hectares. The reserve was established in 1983, December 14. Throughout the year, on the reserved territory is dominated by the mild climate, the formation of which affects the warm air brought […]

State Nature Reserve Pasvik

Pasvik Nature Reserve is located in the northwestern part of the Kola Peninsula, on the border of the forest-tundra and northern boreal forest within the boundaries of the northern taiga subzone. The total area of ​​the reserve, organized July 16, 1992, is 14,687 hectares. On the conservation area is dominated by a subarctic climate. The […]

State natural Nizhne-Svirsky reserve

State natural Nizhne-Svirsky reserve is located on the territory of the Lodeinopolsk district of the Leningrad region, on the right Bank of the river Svir. Its total area is equal to 41.4 hectares. About two thousand years ago on reserve lands were Ladoga lake. However, his subsequent retreat, as well as the offset of the […]

Indigenous peoples of Karelia: Russian

Before the beginning of mass resettlement of Russian peasants in Karelia most part of the territory of the modern Republic was inhabited by Karelians, Veps settled in Zaonezhye, while the Northern and Central regions were inhabited by the Saami. Russian immigrants have founded their settlements in the whole territory of Karelia, but not settled in […]

Indigenous peoples of Karelia: the Karelians

The Karelians are the indigenous people of Karelia, who lived on these lands for hundreds of years. In addition to the common name different ethnic groups Karel preserved their self-designation. So, in the Central and Northern regions of Karelia they call themselves «karyalane», in the Ladoga area – «livvikane», and in the Onega country – […]

Climate Zaonezhye

Climate Zaonezhye is very different from the weather regimes in the neighbouring areas of Karelia. The climate Zaonezhye Peninsula and the Northern districts of lake Onega developed due to the unique geographical situation of this area and aggregate properties of the territory. On long-term weather regime affects the relief of the region, its swamps, forest […]