"Blue Lakes" of Alexandrovsk: Shavrinsky and Morozovsky quarries
Places of extraordinary beauty lie in the north of the Perm Territory, near the city of Aleksandrovsk - a whole country of mountain lakes, with deep turquoise water. Surprisingly, these lakes are just man-made structures - old flooded limestone quarries.
A bit of history
The history of the industrial development of these lands began 300 years ago. Then the present Aleksandrovsky district belonged to the powerful Stroganovs, one of the largest landowners of the Russian state. At that time, the industrial development of the Urals was already in full swing, and in order to keep up with other industrialists, the Stroganovs began to build their metallurgical plants and sent miners to explore their lands. And in the middle of the 18th century, on the interfluve of the Yayva and Kosva rivers, several large deposits of brown iron ore were discovered (Kizelovskoye, Gubakhinskoye, etc.), iron-making and iron foundries began to be built. It was already other owners who had to develop this territory: at the end of the 18th century, these lands were bought from the Stroganovs by the Vsevolozhsk and Lazarevs.
The first metallurgical plant was built in 1808 on the Lytva river - the Alexandrovsky plant itself, laying the foundation for the future city of Alexandrovsk. The second plant appeared in 1811 on the Vilva River and was named Vsevolodo-Vilvensky. The plants were named after Alexander and Vsevolod Vsevolozhsky, the owners of these lands.
One of the essential components for metallurgy was a flux. It served to lower the melting point, slag ash, impart the necessary physical properties and chemical composition. Limestone is used as a flux.
Local residents say that Prince Alexander Vsevolozhsky himself participated in the search for limestone deposits in the vicinity of Vsevolodo-Vilva. And got lost! And he wandered for some time until he came out to a high limestone rock, where he made a vow that if he got out, he would build a chapel on this rock. From the cliff, he finally saw Vsevolodo-Vilva. He kept his vow. Unfortunately, this chapel was demolished in the late 1930s. Already in our time, a resident of the village of Karyer-Izvestnyak, a veteran Sergei Nikolaevich Klochkov put a cross on this rock, in memory of "the great workers of quarries in the mines who shone, protected and gave." The cross is perfectly visible from the road from the village of Karyer-Izvestnyak in Aleksandrovsk, after you pass the cuffs to the quarries.
Shavrinsky quarry (Blue lake)
The first quarry was laid next to this rock - on a mountain named Old. At the end of the 19th century, the extraction of especially pure limestone for his soda plant in Berezniki, the first in Russia, began the Perm merchant I.I. Lyubimov. And for more than 100 years, the bowels of the Alexandrovsky region have been used for the production of soda. In the 1930s, a small settlement appeared near the quarries, which was originally called the Limestone Quarry, later the name was shortened to the Limestone Quarry.
The largest and most famous quarry is located very close to the road from the village to Aleksandrovsk, a few dozen meters to the south. Its length is 800 m, width is 200-240 m, and its depth reaches 70 m. This is the deepest reservoir of the Kama region. When people talk about Blue Lake, they usually mean this particular quarry. It is called Shavrinsky - in memory of the Shavrinskaya mountain, which was once located here, which in turn got its name from some person by the name of Shavrin. The Soda Plant began the development of the Shavrinsky quarry back in the harsh war years - in 1943.
An unusual color - in sunny weather, azure blue, and in cloudy turquoise - it is given by a suspension of small particles of limestone in water. It is hard to believe that fish live in such water, but they even arrange spearfishing on them. Residents of Aleksandrovsk love to swim in these quarries. True, a recreation center has been built on the shore and money may be required from you to descend to the water. The most beautiful view of the "lake" opens from the north-western side of the quarry. Between the quarry and the village, there are buildings of a crushing and sorting plant, where crushed stone is obtained from blocks of limestone.
To the north of the Shavrinsky quarry, 1.7 km from the main road, there is another blue lake - the Morozovsky quarry. It is a little smaller and not as deep as its "elder brother", but no less picturesque. Its length is 1.4 km, and its width is 150 m. In plan, it has a slight bend. The quarry got its name, probably from the name of Savva Morozov, a famous Moscow merchant who owned the Vsevolodo-Vilvensky plant at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. On the basis of the almost collapsed iron-making industry, he organized a plant for dry distillation of wood - to obtain acetone and other chemical reagents that were necessary for the manufacture of dyes on fabrics at his manufactories.
An asphalt road runs along the western side of the quarry, connecting the village of Kar'er-Izvestnyak with the Berezniki-Aleksandrovsk highway. The most impressive views of this lake are from the southern and northern sides of the quarry. On the southern coast, you can even drive up to the water. And from the north side, along a good gravel road by car or on foot, you can climb to the dump.
You will not regret this rise! There is a magnificent observation deck here. From the top of the dump, a gorgeous panoramic view of the surroundings opens: at the foot of it begins the oblong Morozovsky quarry, behind which you can see other quarries and houses of the village of Karyer-Izvestnyak, in the west rise the houses of the village of Vsevolodo-Vilva and the pipes of the Methil chemical plant, the successor of the Morozov plant. In the distance, you can clearly see the pipes and buildings of the Yaivinskaya GRES, which is more than 50 km from here, which supplies the Bereznikovsko-Solikamsk industrial hub with electricity. In the north, you can see the Ivakinsky quarry, slowly "devouring" the Matyukovaya mountain - the forerunner of the mighty Ural ridge.
The limestone deposits of the Vsevolodo-Vil'va deposit were formed in sea conditions 350-300 million years ago - in the Carboniferous and Permian periods of the geochronological scale of the history of the Earth's development. And during the formation of the Ural Mountains, these layers of limestone were crumpled into folds and raised to the surface. The origin of these limestones is reminded by numerous fossilized remains of ancient marine inhabitants: corals, sea lilies, brachiopods.
Several areas have been explored at the field, mined by separate open pits: Shavrinsky, Staraya and Novaya Gory, Severnaya Gora, Yuzhno-Shavrinsky and Perelomny, Severo- and Yuzhno-Morozovskiy, Matyukovaya and Nadezhdinsky mountains. Currently, limestone is mined mainly for crushed stone. Limestone for metallurgical production (smelting of titanium and magnesium by the VSMPO-Avisma corporation) is mined at the Ivakinsky quarry (Mount Matyukova). The soda plant is currently developing the Chanvin deposit located a little north.
How to get to the Blue Lakes
By public transport from Perm to the Blue Lakes, you can take a bus Perm - Aleksandrovsk (via Berezniki), asking the driver to stop at the lapel of the Chanvin quarry, from where you can walk along an asphalt road in a southern direction. To the Morozovsky quarry to go about 1.5 km.
By car from Perm, you should also go along the road through Berezniki. Distance from the city of Perm is 234 km.
From the cities of Aleksandrovsk, Berezniki, Kizel, the quarries can be easily reached by train, you need to get off at the 148 km stop and follow the road just over 1 km to the east, towards Aleksandrovsk.
GPS coordinates of the Shavrinsky quarry: N 59 ° 11.327 ′; E 57 ° 29.281 ′ (for smartphones 59.188783 °, 57.488017 °), Morozovsky quarry: N 59 ° 12.327 ′; E 57 ° 29.431 ′ (for smartphones 59.20545 °, 57.490517 °).